Hospital-acquired infections(HAIs) are serious public health problems that increase the morbity, mortality, and avoidable healthcare cost worldwide. Millions of people suffer from HAIs, ranging from common cold to severe infections, annually. Data from 66 hospitals in 23 countries show that the prevalence rate of HAIs is 7.1% in Europe, and this number is doubled or more in developing countries, such as Uganda. Furthermore, HAIs are partly responsible for the repeated outbreaks of several fatal infectious diseases in Asia and West Africa, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and Ebola [3,4]. Hospital-borne outbreaks of these diseases reflect the vulnerability of the affected hospitals in low-and middle-income countries(LMICs) multi-drig resistant bacteria outbreaks at other hospitals
Bacteria naturally evolve to resist drugs used against them. The more the drugs are used, the faster this happens. And developing new antibiotics is taking longer time and has become increasingly difficult. Doctors today often prescribe antibiotics when theyre not needed. In many countries a culture has developed where people consider they have a right to antibiotics. And in developing nations, patients often buy antibiotics on the street. About 700,000 people around the world die due to antibiotic resistance each year. Without immediate action, annual deaths could rise to 10 million by 2050, according to a report by The Centers for Disease control and Prevention (CDC).
However, there are measures, that could be taken in hospital. Studies show aggressive hospitals action can limit the spread of outbreaks. Aggressive measures, such as wearing disposable masks, gloves and isolation gowns while caring for infected patients, helps preventing both care taker and patients from getting sick. Vigorously diagnosing and containing such infections can reduce infections by 76%, the CDC said.
Isolation wards with a single bed are most suitable for preventing transmission through droplets. In wards with two or more beds, bed distance should be more than 1 m, and curtains are necessary - preferably treated disposable curtains. A typical fabric cubicle curtain that surrounds a hospital bed has a high probability of having developed on its surface pathogens such as MRSA, ECOLI, VRE, or CDIFF. As a result, in certain A&E wards. curtains must be changed and cleaned up to 20 times per annum, And what too few hospital staff know, a washed curtain is re-contaminated within minutes and hours after re-hung. The replacement of traditional linen products with disposable, antibacterial curtains, assists medical institutions in preventing and combating the outbreak of infectious diseases amongst patients, staf and visitors.
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